Effect of pre- and postpartum body development on the rebreeding of first-calf heifers

Guilherme Joner, Dari Celestino Alves Filho, Ivan Luiz Brondani, Sander Martinho Adams, Amanda Farias de Moura, Gilmar dos Santos Cardoso, Mauren Burin da Silva, Patrícia Machado Martini Cattelam


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of live weight and body condition score, measured at different growth stages, on the rebreeding of first-calf heifers. A total of 120 Nellore and Charolais crossbred heifers born between 2004 and 2008 were assessed. Their average age was 26±1 months, they were all from the same herd, and they received the same management from birth. To conduct this study, pre- and postpartum measurements of first-calf heifers were taken. The data were submitted to analysis of variance, and the means were compared using Student’s t-test at a significance level of α=0.05. A higher live weight of the heifer at 24 months enabled early calving within the first calving season (r=-0.30). First-calf heifers that rebred had a higher live weight at weaning (361 kg vs. 333 kg) than those that did not, although their live weights at calving were similar (344 kg vs. 332 kg). The rebreeding of first-calf heifers that gave birth with the same body condition score as in the first calving was dependent on positive live weight gain until the end of the following breeding season, especially during the calving-weaning period.


Calving-to-conception interval, calving season, crossbreeding, live weight at calving, reproductive efficiency

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7764/rcia.v46i3.1984

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