Characterization of a Fermented Feijoa Beverage

Giliani Veloso Sartori, Maria Jara Montibeller, Giovani Furini, Ana Paula de Lima Veeck, William Gustavo Sganzerla, Patrícia Carolina Beling, Alessandro de Oliveira Rios, Vitor Manfroi


This study aimed to prepare a feijoa wine and to assess its physicochemical parameters, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant activity. Feijoa were harvested at physiological maturation, and their pulp was fermented in a BOD device at 16 ± 2 °C for 15 days. After the fermentation process, the beverage was characterized for its physicochemical parameters, total phenolic compounds and total flavonoids by spectrophotometry, carotenoids by HPLC, and antioxidant activity by the FRAP, DPPH, and ABTS methods. These same analyses were performed on the pulp in natura for comparative and evaluation purposes of the process. The feijoa fermentation process had a high yield (82%), and the physicochemical characteristics were in accordance with this class of beverage. The beverage had high antioxidant activity, while six carotenoids were identified in the fruit in natura, with (all)-trans-lutein and β-cryptoxanthin being the major carotenoids, in addition to a phenolic content of 176.22 mg GAE 100 g-1 and a total flavonoid content of 0.11 mEq quercetin 100 g-1. The wine had a lower bioactive compound content but a higher antioxidant activity than the pulp. Feijoa wine is a viable technological product in addition to exhibiting antioxidant activity.


Acca sellowiana (O. Berg) Burret; beverage technology; carotenoids; fermented fruit beverage.

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